Who is Jesus’ father?
The story of Jesus’ birth is very common among Muslims because it is very detailed in the holy Quran. But briefly I will refer to it for the sake of this short post.
The Quran define Jesus to be the “Word from God” as in 3:45 and 4:171:
“3:45 Lo! The angels said: “O Mary! Behold, God sends thee the glad tiding, through a word from Him, [of a son] who shall become known as the Christ Jesus, son of Mary,…”
“4:171 “ ..Christ Jesus the son of Mary was an apostle of Allah, and His Word-Kalimat-ih, which He casted it on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: ”
In both verses Jesus is defined as “word from God” or “His Word” this divine “Word” has caused the embryo in Mary’s womb to achieve conception without the participation of male’s fluid; the natural course of pregnancy. In other words, we can say that Mary was impregnated by the “Word of God” for it had replaced the seminal fluids. Then Jesus was born.
According to the Quran, the definition of “Word of God” or as in Arabic “Kalimah” means the command of God which brings things into being or it is called the “creative command”
In verse 3:45
“O Mary! Behold, God sends thee the glad tiding, through a Word from Him”
Ibn Abbas, an early Muslim Quran commentator, states:
“..glad tidings of son shall come into being by means of a Word from Allah,”
Christians and Muslims agree that Jesus was born without natural father. His birth is surely was miraculous and certainly Jesus was aware of the nature of his birth.
This belief is supported by numerous divine verses in holy books, Quran, and bible.
Jesus’ father has become the center point of dispute between Christians and Muslims.
The Holy Quran has categorically refuted the notion of Jesus as being the son of God but emphasized that he is the son of Mary and that God dose not get beget nor begotten.
“112:3 “He begets not, and neither is He begotten; لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ “
I truly believe that the notion of fatherhood in the bible has deeper meaning than what our Christian brother’s hold- which is taken in the literal sense. As it was pointed out in a posting of Irshaad.net last month that the word “father” in the bible was translated inaccurately from the Aramaic; original text of the bible (for more about the usage of “Father”. I recommend visiting this post at irshaad.net)
Obviously trying to convince Christians the inaccuracy of the rendition of the word “father” from Aramaic to English is surly unfruitful task. But here I will take the word “father” at face value and take it at a deeper level of understanding.
In the light of the nature of Jesus birth, one can arrive at an important analysis regarding the notion of Jesus’ father from a metaphysical point of view.
I believe that Jesus’ reference to the concept of fatherhood in the bible is a divine notion which represents God power, because he did not have a father in the natural sense. Rather his fatherhood notion was embodied by the divine command of God “Kalimatih 4:171“ which caused him to be in the womb of the Virgin Mary.
So in respect to Jesus, his father is represented by the sublime Command of God “Kalimah” His reference to the “father” is true representation of the manifestation of the Might and Omnipotence of God.
In addition he considered himself to be true representation of the higher reality of the notion of “Father” for he was created by the Command of God “Kalimah” which is in essence was father to him; in other words, Jesus was fathered by the Command of God; by the “Word of God-Kalimah, which He casted it on Mary,..” 4:171 In other words; God’s Word was thrown into Mary womb (which has become a fertilizing agent for the female egg in comparison to the natural process). Hence the Word of God has become as father to Jesus.
So when he says “I and the Father are one. (John 10:30” in essence he is saying I am a true representation of the Command of God; the Word of God “Kalimah” and I was fathered by God’s Command or by God’s Word.
The two entities-Jesus and the “father or the Word” are the same sublime reality on a higher level of existence.
If he says I was sent by my father; means he was sent or caused by the Word of God which was like father unto him; he has become a true manifestation of God’s Word in a unique way, for everything in this world is a manifestation of Gods’s Word but of a different nature- through different elemnts of cause and effect.
And “he is one with God” because the Command of God is a manifestation of God Might. This statement has a metaphysical dimension and should not be taken literally. Let’s examine (John 12:44-49):
“Whoever believes in me believes not in me but in the One who sent me…. For what I have spoken does not come from myself; no, what I had to say, what I had to speak, was commanded by the One who sent me….” (John 12:44-49)
We can understand from this verse that Jesus’ higher reality has realized the glory of God. His whole being has completely submitted to God, when he said “For what I have spoken does not come from myself…(John 14:11)”
And he had purged his corporeal being for the sake of God “Whoever believes in me believes not in me but in the One who sent me. (John 12:44-49)”
Hence he had become one with God:
“what I had to say, what I had to speak, was commanded by the One who sent me….” (John 12:44-49)
“I am in the Father, and the Father is in me…I speak not of myself, but the Father does the works.” (John 14:11)
His reality could no longer distinguish itself from the reality of the manifestation of God or the “Word of God”
Also Jesus often refer to his “father” as being the “father” of his people; when he said “your father is in the heaven” which means that God has brought all people into being by His divine command but of different nature than Jesus existence into human without the natural cause of male participation. But in this case Christians claim that the word “father” here is only metaphorically. Then why is it here the word “father” is to be taken metaphorically but not in the case of “I and the father are one (John 10:30)” And why not in both cases the word “father” to be taken as metaphorically. This is something for Christians to ponder about.
So in essence, all human beings are fathered, metaphorically speaking, by the command (Word) of God indirectly through God’s natural law. In this lower world of existence we are brought into existence through parents according to the divine command of God which is the cause of everything in existence.
We all link back to Adam and Adam was created by the divine command of God. Then Adam is also fathered by God’s command directly in the exact manner of Jesus creation, in relationship to the causal element that is “the Word of God” That is why God, in the Quran, refer to the similarities between Jesus and Adam’s creation.
3:59 Verily, in the sight of God, the nature of Jesus is as the nature of Adam, whom He created out of dust and then said unto him, “Be” – and he is.
إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَى عِندَ اللّهِ كَمَثَلِ آدَمَ خَلَقَهُ مِن تُرَابٍ ثِمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ (3:59)
This similarity is in relationship to the notion of their initial existence which is caused by the divine command of God. Adam was created by the command of God and so as Jesus. In the case of Adam, God’s command “the creative command’ has created Adam from clay without parents – without embryo and seminal fluids. But in the case of Jesus, God’s command created Jesus from an embryo only. So the cause of the creation of both is similar in essence but differs in details.
In other words; we can say that God’s creative command has caused Adam to “be” from clay without parents; Jesus to “be” from embryo of a mother; and other human beings to “be” from both parents or embryo and seminal fluids. The common causal principle factor among all of them is the “creative command of God” but they are all differing in the nature of details of their existence.
In conclusion, it is fair to say that Jesus refer to God as his father metaphorically, due to the nature of his birth as explained above.
And we can all say that we are the sons and daughters of God metaphysically, for we were all brought into being by the “Word of God” but we were adopted by our corporeal parents.
This post was encouraged by another post at irshaad.net